Chipboard boxes are inexpensive, environmentally friendly, and a popular packaging option for consumer goods. Chipboard is made from pieces of recycled paper, wood pulp, sawdust, or chips that have been compressed by using heat and pressure and bonded by an adhesive material or resin. You often see chipboard or paperboard in brown or white, but most companies add colors or logos so they can be sold in stores.
Chipboard boxes are used in a wide variety of industries. For shipping, they are usually coated in a waterproof finish to protect the product from outdoor elements and uses a thinner chipboard layer for protection, while thicker boards form the outer box component. They are also used in the food processing, consumer product, and tool industries. Most chipboard boxes are custom made to hold specific products found on shelves in retail stores. You can find these are made of a single sheet with flaps for closing, or they can come in two pieces, one of which is a lid.
Raw materials such as used paper shreds, sawdust, and woodchips are used in the fabrication process while making chipboard boxes. These products are put through a chipper to become fine granules and then are dried until there is no longer moisture left in the wood product. Adhesives are added for the pressing process and exposed to high temperatures until the desired thickness is achieved. The bond between the materials is created by the adhesive elements melting. After the cooling process, several treatments are conducted before the chipboard can be formed into a box shape. Sanding and coating with a waterproof finish is often added depending on the application. The large sheets are then cut down into different sizes. Chipboard used as packaging for retail products require lamination of a decorative layer of brightly colored paper material. After they have been shipped, the chipboard material is folded and assembled into a box form.